An array of bacteria including drug-resistant salmonella and Staphylococcus aureus as well as fungi were gathered from the orcas’ breath samples.
It is also found that due to human wastes contamination in the marine environment, some of the microbes from orcas’ breath were resistant to multiple antibiotics used by humans and animals.
According to Mail Online, in the study published in the journal of Scientific Reports said that orcas’ breath samples show a presence of many microorganisms that is capable of causing a disease.
The study takes around four years to complete using unique breath samples.
An array of bacteria and fungi are sprayed by orcas as they break to the surface of the water to exhale.
As it stated in Rare Video Shows Killer Whales Eating Baby Live Sharks in Monterey Bay
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Plenty of environmental stressors are present in these waters from human waste making its way from toilets to agricultural runoff.
With samples collected over a four-year period, they were able to identify the array of bacteria and fungi in the orcas’ breath.
For the study, the team of researchers focused on killer whales in Washington state waters, collecting the droplets of waters that they exhale when they come to the surface.
Bacteria That Cause Human Diseases Found in Orca Blowholes
As it stated in They were found in the exhaled breath of killer whales that move between Monterey Bay, California, and British Columbia’s Queen Charlotte Islands.
The West Coast’s southern resident killer whales are believed to have numbered several hundred back in the 1800s.
In a new study last week of the West’s southern resident killer whales, scientists captured infectious agents not typically associated with whales in exhalations from the animals’ blowholes.
For now, scientists will use the tests to help try and build an understanding of the microbiome of a killer whale’s breath.
Killer Whales: How the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Nearly Decimated This Pod (Part 2)”We know we’re running out of chinook, and the chinook are getting smaller,” he says.
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