Broken Heart Syndrome: A type of myocardial infarction characterized by temporary and sudden weakness of a specific part of the heart muscle. After experiencing stress or stress, such as (severe emotional pain or suffering experienced after the loss of a loved one, whether through death or divorce or infidelity or anxiety and tension, etc.). Or after long-term physical stress, or severe. Causing myocardial infarction, irregular heartbeat, left ventricle rupture and thus a severe heart failure.
Signs and symptoms of broken heart syndrome
- Chest pain.
- Shortness of breath.
- Asthma and nausea.
weakness and severe weakness.
- Pulsation (sensation of heartbeat), which is similar to that seen in sudden congestive heart failure, especially when accompanied by changes in ECG that mimic myocardial infarction in the front wall.
Causes of broken heart syndrome
- Excessive emotional or physical stress (which includes emotional stress and sadness following the loss or death of a family member, or dear ones).
- All kinds of phobia.
- Marital disputes and treason or severe financial problems.
- Surgery complications.
- Brain attack.
- And other stresses and physical stress.
Diagnosis of broken heart syndrome
Diagnosis of the syndrome may be difficult through symptoms, as they are often similar to those observed during anterior myocardial infarction of the acute heart muscle, but the diagnosis though is done by:
- Health history; where symptoms appear when a healthy person does not have cardiac risk factors explain the situation.
- Verify that the patient was subjected to stress or physical or psychological stress before the onset of the situation.
- ECG and the level of enzymes confirm the presence of a heart attack; although the results of radiation tests show the safety of the coronary arteries.
- Monitoring abnormalities in the movement of the ventricular wall and the balloon balloon at the top or in the middle through radiography, while the base shows normal contractility or some of the hyperactivity in the movement, although the locations and patterns of these distortions and balloon bursts vary from case to case.
- The patient must recover normally during a short period of time.
It should be noted here that some microbiological studies indicate that there is a focal degradation in the muscle fibers of the heart, and infiltration of small monocytes in some cases; so this is sometimes considered as inflammatory, not coronary heart disease.
Treatment of broken heart syndrome
- Treatment in nature is generally supportive of damaged heart functions. Although some patients have low blood pressure, the use of muscle contraction stimuli usually exacerbates the condition due to high levels of catecholamine, These patients are given any catalyst. It is recommended to replace with a balloon pump inside the aorta to provide perfusion to the rest of the members without harming the heart muscle, giving fluids, beta blockers or calcium channel blockers as the case requires.
- Aspirin and other drugs that also help in healing and limit complications in many patients. This supportive therapeutic strategy is sufficient for the patient to recover within two months even in extreme cases. After the condition stabilizes and the healing is complete, preventive treatment remains the second pillar.
- Changing lifestyle.
- Teach the patient methods of managing stress, and dealing with difficult situations in the future.