Typhoid fever is one of the most epidemic diseases in the world and is caused by a specific type of bacteria called (Salmonella Typhi) by eating contaminated foods and drinks. These bacteria invade the liver, spleen, lymphatic system and gallbladder.
Typhoid Fever Symptoms
The fever goes through several stages depending on the weeks. In the first week, the symptoms and symptoms of the fever begin to develop, joint pain and accompanied by headache, loss, appetite and chills. The temperature begins to rise gradually in the so-called “heat climber”. Where it reaches 40 ° C by the end of the first week. The heat is accompanied by a slowdown in heart muscle rhythms. The patient also suffers from abdominal pain this week.
In the second week, the heat stays high. The heart beat remains at a slower temperature, as the temperature increases as the heart rate increases. But typhoid fever does not increase heartbeat, which is called a relative slowdown. The patient also suffers from increased manifestations of fatigue and abdominal pain. A rash can occur but soon disappears.
Signs of Typhoid Fever
The signs that appear in the clinical examination in the second week, the most important slight enlargement of the liver and spleen. As well as increased pain in the abdomen when the doctor to contact the patient’s abdomen.
At the beginning of the third week, if the patient left untreated, his condition begins with resentment. Where the patient suffers from dehydration, paralysis, loss of consciousness and sometimes coma. The patient is suffering from diarrhea at this stage. In some cases, the patient may suffer from severe intestinal bleeding with a hole in the intestine.
In the fourth week, the patient begins to gradually improve. Some studies show that 30% of patients in developing countries die. And 10% of the neighborhoods suffer from re-activity of bacteria and recurrence of fever in the future. This compares with a 1-2% mortality rate in the United States of America.
After recovery from the fever. 5-10% are still carrying the bacteria and called carriers of the fever in the recovery period and remain carriers of bacteria for several months. While 1-4% of patients carry chronic bacteria. Bacteria usually excreted from the bile in the yellow juice, then in the digestive system and then in the stool.
How Typhoid fever Infection Moves
finally,The fever transmitted by mouth. Either directly through the hand of a person contaminated with stool and urine borne fever. Or indirectly through milk, water, ice cream and milk products of all kinds.