Passive smoking is the inhalation of tobacco smoke by other people. The smoke coming out with the exhalation is known as the main smoke, while smoke from a cigarette is known to be lit by side smoke. The combination of main smoke and side smoke is called second-hand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke.
Indirect smoke is an indoor contaminant, making passive smoking a real health hazard for those who smoke and who do not smoke. Children are most affected by this second-hand smoke.
Effects of Passive smoking
Indirect smoke is an indoor contaminant, making passive smoking a real health hazard for those who smoke and who do not smoke. Children most affected by this second-hand smoke.
Tobacco smoke in the rooms tends to stay suspended in the middle of the air instead of spreading. Hot smoke is rising, but tobacco smoke is rapidly cooling down, and its rise is rising.
The person who smokes heavily inside the house often has a low smoke cloud, and the rest of the household has no choice but to inhale.
Tobacco smoke contains about 7,000 chemicals, made up of molecules and gases, more than 50 of which are known to cause cancer. The fact that indirect smoke is a cause of lung cancer in humans has been confirmed by several prominent health authorities.
Risks of passive smoking on health (pregnant and fetus)
Australian data indicate that about 12% of women smoked tobacco during the months of pregnancy. Smoking and passive smoking can seriously affect fetuses as they grow.
Health risks to mothers during pregnancy include:
- Increased risk of miscarriage and delivery of dead fetuses.
- risk of preterm birth and low birth weight.
- Increased risk of sudden and unexpected death of children.
- Increased risk of complications during childbirth.
Pregnant women who are not smokers are also more likely to be underweight if exposed to indirect smoke at home if their husbands smoke.
The dangers of passive smoking on children
- Sudden and unexpected death in children.
- Injury to a range of respiratory diseases including bronchitis, bronchiolitis and pneumonia (in the first 18 months).
- Increased risk of asthma symptoms.
- Increased risk of symptoms such as coughing, sputum, wheezing and shortness of breath (school age).
The risk of passive smoking on partners who never smoked
- Increased risk of heart disease.
- Make the blood more “viscous” and then increase the risk of clotting, which increases the risk of several health problems, including heart attacks and strokes.
- Reduce the levels of antioxidant vitamins in the blood.
- Influenced by the way blood vessels regulate blood flow.
- Increased risk of atherosclerosis.
Ways to reduce the harmful effects of smoking
- Do not smoke at home.
- Ensure that visitors do not smoke inside the house.
- Avoid smoking in the car.
- Do not smoke anywhere closed.
- Try to avoid taking children to places where people tend to smoke.
- Ensure that people who take care of children have a smoke-free environment.