Irritable colon syndrome is a common digestive disease. Where the patient is feeling pain in the abdomen with a change in the habit of output. Abdominal pain may be accompanied by constipation, diarrhea, or both, or a change in the nature of the stool. Between 25 and 45 million people in the United States suffer from irritable bowel syndrome, mostly women. Most of those infected with it are from the late teens to the early 1940s.
Irritable bowel syndrome does not pose a risk to the patient’s life. And does not increase the chance of more serious diseases of the digestive system such as Ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and Colon cancer. But its effect is evident in the quality of life of the patient. Affecting its daily activities and work. He may change his place of work, work at home, or stop working altogether. Doctors often adopt specific criteria for the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome.
Causes of Irritable bowel syndrome
Despite the efforts of scientists to develop theories that explain the occurrence of irritable bowel syndrome. However, there is still no specific reason for it.
But there are some factors that play a role in the occurrence, including:
Tension of the muscles of the large intestine
These muscles act by contractions to move food in the digestive system. Increasing the strength and duration of these contractions will move food in the intestine faster than normal. Leading to diarrhea, bloating, and abdominal pain. SO the weakness of contractions and short duration lead to constipation and increase the hardness of the stool.
Nervous System Disorders
The occurrence of disorders of the nerves feeding the digestive system leads to its interaction with changes during the process of digestion in excess of the normal situation. Therefore, the patient feels abdominal pain and changes in the output
Severe gastrointestinal infection:
Some people may develop irritable bowel syndrome after a period of severe viral or bacterial infection in the digestive system. As well as parasitic infections, such as those caused by Giardia lamblia. The reason for this is persistent hypersensitivity to the colon muscles. As well as the neurological and immunological changes that occur in this infection.
The number of immune cells was high in the colon in some patients with irritable bowel syndrome. So this in turn causes abdominal pain and diarrhea.
Changes in beneficial bacteria in the colon:
They are naturally present bacteria in the colon. And play an important role in the digestion process. That some studies have shown a change in patients with irritable bowel syndrome compared with the healthy person.
Symptoms of Irritable bowel syndrome
The effect of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and its associated symptoms varies among patients.
Then the most common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are as follows:
- Feel pain in the abdomen, this pain may disappear after the output.
- Constipation or diarrhea.
- Suffering from bloating and frequent gas in the abdomen.
- Stool density changes and may be accompanied by mucus.