Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects cells that secrete mucus, sweat, and digestive juices. In normal cases, the fluid being secreted is thin and slippery, but in the case of cystic, a defective gene causes the secretions to become thick and sticky. So, instead of these moisturizing secretions, they block the tubes, ducts and pathways, especially in the lungs and pancreas.
Symptoms of cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis symptoms and symptoms vary, depending on the severity of the disease, symptoms may improve or worsen over time in the same person. In some children, symptoms begin to appear during infancy and others may not experience symptoms until adolescence or puberty.
Salt in sweat is usually higher than normal in cystic . Parents often feel the salt taste when kissing their children. Most signs of cystic and other symptoms affect the respiratory system or the digestive system.
Signs and symptoms of respiratory
The thick, viscous mucus associated with cystic fibrosis blocks the ducts that carry air from and to the lungs. This can cause:
- Persistent cough that produces thick sputum (mucus) and mucus
- Weakness of the ability to exercise
- Recurrent infection of the lungs
- Sinusitis or nasal obstruction
Signs and symptoms of gastrointestinal tract
Thick mucus can also block channels that carry digestive enzymes from the pancreas to the small intestine. Without these digestive enzymes, the intestines will not be able to absorb the nutrients in the food you eat. This often results in:
- Stooly stools
- Underweight and underweight
- Bowel obstruction, especially in newborns (cystic obstruction)
- Severe constipation
Frequent stress during stool removal may result in the emergence of part of the rectum, the end of the large intestine, outside the anus (rectal prolapse). When this happens in children, it may be a sign of cystic, so parents should consult an expert doctor on cystic fibrosis. Pediatric rectal incontinence may require surgery.
When should I visit a doctor?
Talk to your doctor if your child has the following:
- Delayed growth
- Persistent cough that produces mucus
- Frequent infections of the lungs or sinuses
- Frequent smelly greasy stools
- Drop the rectum
- If your child has trouble breathing, seek immediate medical attention.