Health care

What is Alzheimer’s disease and how to prevent it?

Alzheimer’s disease is a gradual brain disorder that

slowly destroys thinking and memory skills and, eventually, the ability to

carry out the simplest tasks.

Alzheimer’s, symptoms first appear in the age of  mid-60s with the most

of people.

The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease‏

At first, Memory problems are typically one of the first signs of cognitive

impairment related to Alzheimer’s disease. Some people with memory

problems have a state called mild.

Secondly, cognitive impairment , people have more memory problems

than normal for their age, but symptoms do not interfere with their daily

life. Movement difficulties and problems with the sense of smell have also

been linked to cognitive impairment. Older people with cognitive

impairment are at greater risk for developing Alzheimer’s, but not all of

them do. Some times people may even go back to normal cognition.

The first symptoms of Alzheimer’s differ from person to other. For many

of people , decline in nonmemory aspects of cognition, for example :

  • Vision / spatial issues.
  • Impaired.
  • Word-finding.
  • Reasoning.

these may signal the very early stages of Alzheimer’s disease.

See Also : How to strengthen memory and focus?

Causes of Alzheimer’s 

Scientists and researches believe that for most people, Alzheimer’s

disease is caused by a combination of genetic, environmental factors that

affect the brain over time and lifestyle.

Now, Less than one percent, Alzheimer’s is caused by specific genetic

changes that virtually guarantee a person will develop the disease. These

rare occurrences usually result in disease onset in middle age.

The exact causes of Alzheimer’s disease aren’t totally understood, but

frequently, problems with brain proteins that fail to function normally,

disrupt the work of brain neurons and caused a series of toxic events.

Neurons are damaged, lose connections to each other and eventually die.

Frequently, The damage starts in the region of the brain that controls

memory, but the process begins years before the first symptoms appears .

The loss of neurons spreads in a somewhat predictable pattern to other

areas of the brains. Significantly, the brain has shrunk, that happens in

the late stage of the disease.

How to prevent Alzheimer’s disease ?

Alzheimer’s disease is not a preventable condition. However, a number of

lifestyle risk factors for Alzheimer’s can be modified. Evidence refers to

that changes in diet, exercise and habits — steps to reduce the risk of

Alzheimer’s disease and other disorders that cause dementia. Heart-

healthy lifestyle choices that may reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s include

the following :

• Follow treatment guidelines to manage high blood pressure, diabetes

and high cholesterol.

• Eat a diet of healthy food like using healthy oils and foods low in  

     saturated fat.

• Exercise regularly.

• Don’t start smoke but If you already smoke , ask your doctor for help to quitsmoking.

Researches and studies have shown that preserved thinking skills later in

life and a reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease are related with

participating in social events, such as reading,  playing board

games,playing an instrument, dancing, creating art and other activities

that require mental and social engagement.

See Also : Coexistence with diabetes


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