Health care

The viral infection in gut

The viral infection in gut

Gut are viral infections , parasitic infections or

bacterial infections that happened because guts, an

inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract involving both the stomach

and the small intestine.

Symptoms are diarrhea and vomiting.

The main danger of gastrointestinal infections is

dehydration, but most gastrointestinal infections are self-

limited and resolve within a few days. However,

gastrointestinal infections are potentially serious in some

cases. hence, rapid diagnosis, appropriate treatment and infection

control measures are therefore particularly important in

these contexts.

Read also : The most famous of virus diseases

The viral infection in Gut

Gut infections can be caused by a large number of

microorganisms, for example:

1-Yersinia enterocolitica

It is called Y. enterocolitica, is a relatively infrequent

due to abdominal pain and diarrhea . Infection is most often acquired

by eating contaminated food.

Common symptoms :

  • Staphylococcus aureus

  • Fever

  • Diarrhea, which is often bloody.

  • Abdominal pain

2-Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of food intoxication,

symptoms violent onset, severe nausea, cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea

using lasting 1-2 days.

In contrast, Staphylococcus aureus has been associated with a wide

range of foods including meat products, egg products, poultry and salads,

dairy products and bakery products.

3-Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli, called E. coli, is the leading cause of diarrhea and a

major cause of diarrheal disease in the developing world, especially

among children.

People usually contract E. coli through drink of water contaminated


Adenovirus can cause diarrhea, conjunctivitis, bladder infections, fever

and rashes, but the most common symptom is respiratory illness.

5-Clostridium difficile

Clostridium difficile infection is caused for up to 25% of cases of

antibiotic-associated diarrhea most often contracted in hospitals or

healthcare institutions.


Campylobacter is one of the most common bacterial cause of

gastroenteritis and is frequent in children especially two age .

It can cause diarrhea sometimes with bloody, abdominal cramps,

vomiting and fever.

It is usually food-borne through raw , undercooked meat or through

contaminated milk.


Rotavirus is the most frequent cause of diarrhea in young children and

infants and it is responsible for the most severe cases.

There is a vaccine for rotavirus, but globally it causes deaths per year in

children less than five years old.

8-Escherichia coli O157:H7

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is cause gastrointestinal infections with

symptoms including bloody diarrhea and vomiting.

it may resolves after a few days, but it can sometimes lead to hemolytic

uremic syndrome , which can result in kidney failure.

9-Salmonella and Shigella

Salmonella and Shigella are food-borne GI illnesses. Salmonella is found

in raw poultry, seafood, meats, and eggs, as well as milk and also dairy


Acute symptoms include nausea,headache, abdominal cramps, diarrhea,

fever, and vomiting.

Shigella is frequently found in water polluted with human feces.

Symptoms of shigellosis include fever, abdominal pain, mucus in stool,

diarrhea, vomiting, and cramps .

9-Helicobacter pylori

Helicobacter pylori, called H. pylori, is associated with the development

of gastric and duodenal ulcers.

It can cause stomach pain or nausea, but in many cases there are no


Infected people have a 10-20% lifetime risk of developing peptic ulcers

and a 1 to 2% risk of stomach cancer.

How to treat viral infections in Guts?

There is no cure, however almost all people who get viral gastroenteritis

recover without any long-term problems.

Finally, The most important thing to do for people with viral

guts is prevent severe loss of fluids . This treatment should

begin at home . Your doctor may give you specific instructions about

what kinds of fluids to give.

Medications, including antibiotics and other treatments, should be

avoided unless specifically recommended by a doctor.

Read Also: Treatment of stomach pain with simple steps


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