Health care

High blood pressure effects

High blood pressure effects

blood pressure is a risk and has negative effects on the human body.
High blood pressure causes the body to slowly become damaged before

the onset of symptoms on the sick person several years later.
If we neglect the treatment of blood pressure, it can lead to physical obstruction, heart attack, or stroke.
Many patients may die of heart attack due to neglect of high blood pressure treatment due to poor blood flow.
Some of them die of stroke due to the untreated hypertension.
High blood pressure therapy helps reduce the risk of life-threatening complications.
Here are examples of high blood pressure complications that can occur if we neglect treatment.

Read also:How do you check your own blood pressure?

High blood pressure complications
Artery damage:

Hypertension increases blood pressure through the arteries, which can cause damage and narrow the arteries.
This may cause damage to internal artery cells when fat enters the bloodstream.
The fat is accumulated inside the artery, causing the artery to narrow and hinder proper blood flow to the body.

aortic aneurysm: Over time, constant pressure of transmitted blood through the weak artery can lead to a split in merit for expansion and be aortic aneurysm.
A hernia is likely to occur in the aneurysm, causing a life-threatening internal hemorrhage .

Heart damage :

The heart is the member responsible for pumping the blood to the entire body,
Therefore, high blood pressure hurts the heart in several ways, such as:

Arteriosclerosis: Coronary artery disease affects the arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood.
The narrow arteries do not allow the coronary artery to flow freely through the arteries.
When blood does not flow to the heart, you can suffer from chest pain,
Heart attack or irregular heartbeat.

left heart bypass: Hypertension powers your heart to buckle down to siphon blood for whatever is left of your body.
This makes the left ventricle solidify or thicken (left ventricular hypertrophy). These progressions limit the capacity of the ventricles to siphon blood to the body.
This circumstance builds the danger of heart assault, cardiovascular disappointment and sudden heart demise.

Heart failure: High blood pressure may cause weakness in the heart muscle, making it incapable of working efficiently.
Over time, the heart is damaged and it fails to function properly, which causes heart attacks.


High blood pressure effects
High blood pressure effects

Brain damage:

The brain relies on the blood to be worked properly.
But high blood pressure causes problems for the brain and example:

Transient ischemic attack (TIA): A mini-stroke.
It’s a temporary disturbance in the blood supply to the brain.
It is caused by hardening of the arteries or hardening of the blood clot.
This is because of high blood pressure, which is a prior warning of a complete stroke.

Stroke: A stroke occurs because of a lack of oxygen and nutrients in the brain.
This causes damage and death of the brain cells.
High blood pressure if not treated may cause stroke by damaging the blood vessels of the brain.
Thus, the blood vessels become narrow and rupture and the leaks occur.
blood pressure can also cause blood clots in the arteries leading to the brain.
It thus causes blockage and hinders blood flow to the brain causing a stroke.

Dementia: Mental illness causes imbalance in thinking, speaking, memory, sight and movement.
The causes of the disease are:

Vascular dementia: This is due to the narrow and clogged arteries that supply the brain with blood.

oderate cognitive disorder: It is a shift between variables that occur for cognition and memory with age.
Alzheimer’s disease can be caused.
Mild cognitive disorder can result from a disruption of blood flow to the brain, and this is when high blood pressure harms the arteries.

Kidney damage

The kidneys work to filter out excess fluid and waste from the blood.
It is a process that relies on the presence of healthy and intact blood vessels.
Blood pressure can infect the blood vessels found in the kidneys causing damage and problems.
If the patient has diabetes with a high blood pressure, this exacerbates the problem.

Kidney failure:High blood pressure is the most likely cause of kidney failure.
Because it causes damage to the arteries that hurt the kidneys.
The damage caused by the kidneys ‘ inability to effectively liquidate the blood.
This eventually leads to dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Eye damage

Thin blood vessels work to supply blood to the eye.
These thin blood vessels can be damaged by high blood pressure.
Examples of damage to the eye are:

Damage to the blood vessels in the eye: This is known as an eye-network impairment.
High blood pressure can lead to damage to blood vessels that supply the retina of the eyes,
This causes the infection of the retina.

This condition can lead to bleeding in the eye, blurred vision and total loss of vision.
If you also suffer from diabetes and hypertension, you are more likely to be at risk.

Fluid accumulation under the retina:

Fluid accumulates beneath the eye mesh due to a bloody infusion of blood vessels beneath the eye mesh.
This leads to blurred vision and impaired eyesight.

Visual neuropathy:

It is a pathological condition that affects the eye and works on the blockage of the blood flow.

And it can kill nerve cells in the eye, this leads to bleeding in the eye or loss of vision.

Read also: How to lower blood pressure naturally?        


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