Disease prevention

Coexistence with diabetes

Coexistence with diabetes

Diabetes is an increase in blood glucose,

where glucose is an important source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and tissues.

Glucose enters the body through insulin produced by the pancreas,

if there is a defect in the process that shows diabetes.

 

Types of Diabetes

  • Type I :

Is the pancreas not releasing insulin or releasing a small amount of it.

  • Type II :

This type is more prevalent as it occurs for adults

when the pancreas releases an insufficient amount of insulin or when the cells begin to resist insulin.

Glucose in the body causes a lot of damage to the body so it is important to maintain body weight,

proper nutrition and regular exercise so that diabetes is not diagnosed.

Symptoms of diabetes

  • Always feeling thirsty.

  • Frequent urination.

  • Feeling very hungry.

  • Unjustified weight loss.

  • The inability to see clearly.

  • Feeling always tired.

  • Healing wounds Slowly.

  • Recurrent infections such as gum, skin and vagina infection.

 

Diabetes during pregnancy

During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones that help the pregnancy,

but these hormones resist insulin and the more the placenta grows,

the greater the number of hormones, the harder it is to do insulin.

In natural conditions, the pancreas releases larger amounts of insulin to overcome this resistance,

but in the end the pancreas is unable to produce sufficient quantity,

a small amount of glucose reaches the cells while a large amount of blood circulation,

leading to the incidence of diabetes.

 

Complications of diabetes

The higher the rate of diabetes, the more complications it affects:

  • Cardiovascular diseases:

Diabetes causes cardiovascular problems including coronary artery disease accompanied by angina, heart attack, stroke and other heart disease.

  • Nerve damage:

Increasing the percentage of sugar leads to the injury of blood capillaries in charge of nerves,

the patient can feel pain in the foot or hands and if the disease is not treated,

the patient will lose the feeling of limb pain and will affect the nerve on the nerves.

  • Kidney damage:

Increasing the rate of diabetes leads to disruption of the purification system performed by the blood vessels in the kidneys

and this may lead to kidney failure and possibly up to dialysis or kidney transplant.

  • Eye damage:

Diabetes can lead to blindness or damage to the blood vessels of the eye mesh,

causing cataracts or glaucoma.

  • Foot damage:

The lack of blood access to the feet can cause serious infectious diseases

or eventually lead to the amputation of the whole finger or leg.

  • Skin diseases:

Diabetes can cause skin infections such as bacterial and fungal infections.

  • Alzheimer ‘s:

Increased blood sugar leads to Alzheimer’s.

 

Diabetes treatment

There are many ways to treat diabetes like:

  • Firstly, Maintain body weight, eat healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables,

stay away from animal products and do exercise to maintain body activity.

  • Secondly, Insulin therapy is mostly used to treat the first type of diabetes,

and if the patient does not feel better he should take other forms of insulin.

  • The patient may take medications that are not insulin-containingو

and are based on increasing the secretion of the pancreas to insulin

or the secretion of glucose from the liver and are taken by oral pills or intravenous injections.

Pancreatic implants This process is done for patients

whose body is rejected for insulin or who will be cultivating a kidney.

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