Blood Cancer Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Blood Cancer Types are various and each one of them as dangerous as any type of cancer is.

Moreover, the three main types are leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.

What is Blood Cancer?

Blood cancer is called hematologic as it starts in the bone marrow, which is where blood is produced.

Besides, Blood cancer of any type occurs when the white blood cells have abnormalities.

Moreover, these abnormalities stop the bone marrow from making red blood cells and platelets.

Blood Cancer Types

There are three main Blood Cancer types, which will be introduced to you in this article to have full information about them.

1) Leukemia

It is a blood cancer type, which originates in the blood bone marrow.

Moreover, it happens when there is an abnormality in the blood cells, resulting in making the bone marrow not able to make red blood cells.

2) Lymphoma

There are two subtypes under this blood cancer type, which are Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma.

Firstly, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is the one that develops in the lymphatic system from lymphocytes cells.

Moreover, these lymphocytes cells are white blood cells that help the body fight any infection.

On the other hand, Hodgkin lymphoma is characterized by the appearance of abnormal lymphocytes, the Reed-Sternberg cells.

3) Myeloma

In addition, this is a blood cancer that starts in the plasma cells that are located in the bone marrow.

Blood Cancer Symptoms

As for this cancer’s symptoms there are many of them that might not relate severely to leukemia.

However, if any severe symptoms have been obviously apparent, you should undoubtedly go see a doctor.

Moreover, some of these symptoms might include:

1) Fever, chills

2) Persistent fatigue, weakness

3) Loss of appetite, nausea

4) Unexplained weight loss

5) Night sweats

6) Bone/joint pain

7) Abdominal discomfort

8) Headaches

9) Shortness of breath

In addition, there are some symptoms that might indicate blood cancer or leukemia such as vomiting, confusion, and seizures.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Blood Cancer Types
Blood Cancer Types

There are many tests that might help in diagnosing this type of cancer.

Moreover, your doctor might ask you to run some blood tests as well as some screenings like Full blood count test and infection screening.

Besides, you will be asked to run more tests like liver function tests and urea and electrolytes.

Moreover, you are required to do all these tests just to ensure whether you have Leukemia or not.

Furthermore, there are three types of treatment that any patient go through if diagnosed with Leukemia.

These types of treatment include:

1) Stem cell transplantation

This type of treatment is for infusing healthy stem cells into the body in order for the blood marrow to function properly.

2) Chemotherapy

Unlike any other treatment, doctors use in this type anticancer drugs to stop the growth of the cancer cells in the body.

Also, They may give a lot of drugs to the patient, therefore it is recommended to be used before the transplantation.

3) Radiation Therapy

As for this type, it is mostly for demolishing the cancer cells in the body to relieve pain and may be given before the transplantation as well.

Therefore, if any of the symptoms were apparent to you, you should immediately get a doctor’s advice.

 

Reference:

Cancer Treatment Centers of America

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