Hepatitis C virus may lead to liver cancer, which is a critical liver damage.
It affects people differently and has many stages from acute to chronic HCV.
1) The first stage is the incubation period, which lasts from 14 to a maximum of 80 days. The average is 45 days from the first exposure to the infection.
2) The stage follows is the acute Hepatitis C. The short-term infection that most likely lasts for 6 months before it turns to be chronic.
3) The third stage is the chronic Hepatitis C Virus; it means that it lasts longer. Therefore, it has more time to cause critical health problems like liver cancer and cirrhosis.
4) Cirrhosis is another critical stage of HCV (Hepatitis C Virus). In this stage, inflammation happens as it replaces the healthy liver cells with scar tissue. Notwithstanding its critical damage, it takes longer than any other stage of the C virus.
It mostly takes from 20 to 30 years to happen unless the patient drinks alcohol or has HIV (Human Immunodeficiency).
It most likely causes liver cancer. Therefore, the patient should get regular screenings, as there are no symptoms in the early stages.
World Health Organization (WHO) reported that in 2016 approximately 399.000 people died out of cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Moreover, stating the Hepatitis C Virus as a worldwide threat.
Hepatitis C Virus infections are usually asymptomatic as few people get a full diagnosis in early stages.
Moreover, there is no effective vaccine against it until now.
There is a lot of ongoing research until scientists find a new way to fight it.
World Health Organization reports illustrated that the highly affected regions are the eastern Mediterranean and the European one.
Notwithstanding the time, Cirrhosis takes to, fully cause disastrous damage to your liver; it increases the chance of having liver cancer.
As for your liver tries to heal itself from the growing scar tissues, it creates more cells, which increases the possibility.
Moreover, the cells might have mutations, which is one of the main reasons for liver cancer.
People at risk of HCV infection
1) People who inject drugs.
2) People with sexual partners who are HCV-infected.
3) Children born to mothers infected with HCV.
4) If you have any certain inherited metabolic diseases.
The risk factors of these people are very high, thus treatment is urgent if these cases apply, especially when the immune system did not respond and clear the infection.
1) Safe and appropriate use of health care injections, in order to reduce the risks of catching the infection.
2) Safe handling and disposal of sharp objects and waste, in order to be on the safe side.
3) Prevention of being exposed to blood during sex, and use condoms if your partner has not had any problems in his/her immune system.
Liver cancer is the spread of unhealthy cells in the human body.
There are two types of cancer, primary, which is the one that starts in the liver.
Additionally, the one that spreads to the liver from another organ is called metastatic liver cancer.
People that have primary cancer are increasing in the united states, with 30,000 Americans diagnosed with it each year.
Unlike Hepatitis B, which can lead to liver cancer without Cirrhosis, Hepatitis C infection is likely to cause liver cancer going through Cirrhosis.
How is it diagnosed?
First, your doctor will ask you to have some physical examinations and some blood tests.
In addition, he will also ask for ultrasound tests, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and angiograms.
You may also need to do a biopsy, in which a piece of liver tissue is removed and studied in the lab.