A HIV-positive mother can risk of HIV to her infant in during pregnancy,
labor (additionally called work and conveyance), or breastfeeding.
On the off chance that you are a lady living with HIV and you are pregnant,
treatment with a blend of HIV meds (called antiretroviral treatment or ART)
can avoid transmission of HIV to your infant and ensure your wellbeing.
How Might You Prevent Giving HIV to Your Baby?
Ladies who are pregnant or are arranging a pregnancy ought to get tried for HIV as right on time as could reasonably be expected.
On the off chance that you have HIV, the most significant thing you can do is to take ART consistently,
precisely as recommended.
In case you’re pregnant, converse with your human services supplier about getting tried for HIV
and how to shield you and your kid from getting HIV.
Ladies in their third trimester ought to be tried again on the off chance that they participate in practices that put them in risk of HIV.
On the off chance that you are HIV-negative and you have a HIV-positive accomplice,
converse with your primary care physician about taking pre-presentation prophylaxis (PrEP) to help shield you from getting HIV.
Urge your accomplice to take ART.
Individuals with HIV who take HIV prescription as endorsed and get
and keep an imperceptible viral burden have viably no danger of transmitting HIV to a HIV-negative accomplice through sex.
On the off chance that you have HIV, accept ART every day as recommended.
On the off chance that your viral burden isn’t stifled,
your primary care physician may chat with you about alternatives for conveying the infant that can decrease transmission chance.
After birth, babies destined to a mother with HIV are given ART immediately for 4 to about a month and a half.
On the off chance that you are treated for HIV from the get-go in your pregnancy,
the danger of transmitting HIV to your child can be 1% or less.
Also Bosom milk can have HIV in it. Along these lines, after conveyance,
you can avoid offering HIV to your child by not breastfeeding.
Can mother-to-tyke transmission of HIV be anticipated?
Truly. The utilization of HIV prescriptions and different procedures have brought down the danger of mother-to-kid transmission of HIV to 1% or less in the United States and Europe.
The danger of transmission is low when:
- HIV is recognized as ahead of schedule as conceivable during pregnancy (or before a lady gets pregnant).
- Ladies with HIV get HIV prescriptions during pregnancy and labor and, in specific circumstances, have a booked cesarean conveyance (here and there called a C-area).
- Infants destined to ladies with HIV get HIV meds for 4 to about a month and a half after birth and are not breastfed.
How do HIV medications avert mother-to-kid risk of HIV?
HIV meds work by keeping HIV from duplicating, which lessens the measure of HIV in the body (additionally called the viral burden).
Having less HIV in the body secures a lady’s wellbeing and lessens her danger of passing HIV to her tyke during pregnancy and labor.
Some HIV medications go from the pregnant lady to her unborn infant over the placenta (likewise called the fetal membrane).
This exchange of HIV drugs shields the child from HIV disease,
particularly during a vaginal conveyance when the infant goes through the birth waterway and is presented to any HIV in the mother’s blood or different liquids.
In certain circumstances, a lady with HIV may have a cesarean conveyance
(now and again called a C-segment) to lessen the danger of mother-to-tyke transmission of HIV during conveyance.
Also Children destined to ladies with HIV get HIV medications for 4 to about a month and a half after birth.
The HIV meds decrease the danger of disease from any HIV that may have entered an infant’s body during labor.