Psychological health

Schizophrenia Definition, Subtypes and Treatment

Schizophrenia definition may be put as a severe and chronic mental disorder that may be a lifelong hurdle.

Although, it may be belittled by lots of people.

We will guide you throughout this article to what is meant by schizophrenia, its types, symptoms, risk factors, and possible treatment.

Schizophrenia definition

Schizophrenia is some form of mental illness that might strike people between the ages of 16 and 30.

Moreover, males might be diagnosed with it at younger ages than females.

The thing about Schizophrenia is that the patient might not know that he/she has it until it suddenly strikes.

Therefore, this mental disorder can develop quickly as well.

Schizophrenia Subtypes

Schizophrenia in the past had many subtypes; however, in 2013 it all changed and these subtypes were put under one name (Schizophrenia).

That was changed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-V).

On the other hand, the previous subtypes are as follow:

1) Paranoid schizophrenia

This subtype is mostly characterized by false beliefs and delusions.

Moreover, it might make the patient thinks that people are conspiring to harm them or even their family members.

2) Disorganized schizophrenia or hebephrenic

However, this type, the patient may have some irrational thoughts and speech.

The patients with this type of schizophrenia may not be able to perform daily routine such as personal hygiene.

3) Catatonic schizophrenia

This Catatonic schizophrenia can make the patient do excessive motor behaviors.

Therefore, it is mostly referred to as catatonic excitement.

In addition, it can also include decreased motor activity such as the disability of speak or even respond to anything.

4) Childhood schizophrenia

As for this subtype, it is more common to appear in early adulthood; however, it can also emerge at the age of 10 years or even earlier.

Moreover, This is a type of mental illness that children might be at high risk of growing up with.

5) Schizoaffective disorder

Patients with this disorder experience some severe symptoms of schizophrenia such as delusions.

In 2013, the DSM-V stated that a person that might get a diagnosis of this disorder should experience mood disorders.

Schizophrenia Causes

1) Genetic inheritance

Persons with a family history of schizophrenia have the chance of developing the disorder by 10%.

2) Chemical imbalance in the brain

Scientists believe that if the patient has imbalanced dopamine or serotonin the chances of developing the disorder are high.

3) Family relationships

Although, there is no evidence that proves family relationships might be a cause.

However, some patients think family tension increases the possibility of relapses.

4) Environmental factors

People that went through stressful experiences might have increased chances of developing Schizophrenia.

Things; however, go gradually for developing the disorder as they start with being bad-tempered and unfocused.

Moreover, this can lead to relationships’ problems or even unemployment.

5) Drug-induced schizophrenia

Some drugs have undoubtedly higher risks for causing Schizophrenia relapses.

Therefore, Marijuana addicts are at great risk of relapses.

Schizophrenia Treatment

Schizophrenia definition
Schizophrenia definition

Although most patients have to cope with the symptoms for life, treatment can help ease those symptoms a little bit.

Psychiatrists believe that the most beneficial and effective treatment is not just medications.

However, the best treatment course will be a combination of medication, psychological counseling, and self-help resources.

In addition, anti-psychosis drugs that are in great help when it comes to treating schizophrenia.

Moreover, patients now, thanks to these anti-psychosis drugs, can live within the community not in hospitals.

Some of those medications are as follow:

1) Risperidone (Risperdal)

This drug is less sedating than any other anti-psychosis drug.

However, gaining weight and diabetes might be possible side effects.

2) Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

This drug can improve some of the symptoms; however, the risk of serious weight gaining and diabetes are significant.

3) Quetiapine (Seroquel)

It is in great help and unlike the other drugs; it has lower risks of gaining weight and diabetes.

4) Ziprasidone (Geodon)

It has the lowest risks of gaining weight and diabetes; however, it might lead to cardiac arrhythmia.

5) Clozapine (Clozaril)

This drug is more effective for patients that might have a higher resistance to other drugs.

Besides, it can lower the risks of having suicide behaviors for patients.

However, the risk of gaining weight and diabetes are significant.

 

6) Haloperidol

As for this drug, it has a long-lasting effect that might last for weeks.

People misunderstood Schizophrenia and schizophrenic actions for years.

However, thanks to modern science, people now have a more intensive look at how dangerous it can be.

 

Reference:

MedicalNewsToday

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